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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PAGE
Ilk,         Chemical reactions............................     53
III.          Utilization and waste of heat..................      67
Urn.        Tunnel head gases............................     71
Iln.         Volume and value of gas......................     73
IIo.         Rough estimate of the volume of the gas......      75
Up.         Rough estimate of the heat value of the gas ....     76
Ilq.          Steam in gas.................................     76
Ilr.          Heating the blast.............................     77
Us.          Combustion of the gas under boilers...........     77
lit.          Production of power in steam engines........     79
IIu.         -Production of power in gas engines...........     80
Hv.         General conclusions on production of power----     80
IIw.         Composition of pig-iron........................     81
IIx.         Structure of cast-iron.........................     83
CHAPTER III.—WROUGHT-!RON.
SECTION Ilia.        Description of the puddling process...........     85
IIIb.        Effect of silicon, manganese and carbon........     85
IIIc.        Chemical history of sulphur and phosphorus..       86
Hid.        The temperature of the furnace...............     88
Hie.        Effect of work on wrought-iron...............      89
Illf.         Heterogeneity of wrought-iron.................      89
Illg.        Conditions affecting welding..................     90
CHAPTER IV.—STEEL. CHAPTER Y.—HIGH-CARBON STEEL.
SECTION Va.          Manufacture of criicible steel.................     94
Vb.          Reactions in the crucible......................     95
Vc.          Specifications on high steel....................     95
Vd.          Manufacture of high steel in the open hearth..      97
CHAPTER VI.—THE ACID BESSEMER PROCESS.
SECTION Via.         Construction of a converter...................    100
VIb.         Chemical history of a charge..................    102
Vic.         Variations due to different contents of silicoL..    103
VId.         Swedish practice.............................    104
Vie.         History of the slag............................    105
Vlf.         Loss in blowing..............................    107
VIg.        Calorific history...............................    108
Vlh.        Direct metal..................................    108
Vli.        -Cupola metal..................................    110
VIj.         Factors affecting the calorific history .........    110
VIk.        "Recarburization...............................    112